Panther Exports is a flagship of Apex Exports which deals with auto spare parts like hub bolts, bolts, centre bolt, spring pin and propeller shaft components – cross holder, yoke and teeth.

Wheel studs or bolts
Wheel studs are the threaded fasteners that hold on the wheels of many automobiles. They are semi-permanently mounted directly to the vehicle hub, usually through the brake drum or brake disk. Lug nuts are fastened onto the wheel stud to secure the wheel. When a wheel is removed for tire changes etc, the stud remains in the hub. Wheel studs can be either factory equipment or aftermarket add-ons.

Types of Wheel studs
Screw-in studs simply screw into the existing threaded bolt hole in the hub. The end that screws into the hub is usually either threaded with a higher tolerance fit or installed with a chemical thread-locking fluid to keep it from backing out from the hub when the lug nut is removed.

Press-in studs are installed from the back side of the disk or drum hub and may require removal of the hub from the vehicle for installation or removal. They consist of a threaded portion and a larger diameter section, called the knurl that is splined to prevent rotation. The diameter of the knurl is larger than the hole in the hub requiring a press fit to seat the stud. The stud is prevented from being pulled through the hub by a larger diameter stop on the end. Most press-in studs are designed and recommended to be installed with a mechanical or hydraulic press to ensure proper seating without damage.

Automotive drive shaft
An automobile may use a longitudinal shaft to deliver power from an engine/transmission to the other end of the vehicle before it goes to the wheels. A pair of short drive shafts is commonly used to send power from a central differential, transmission, or transaxle to the wheels.

Front-wheel drive
A drive shaft connecting the gearbox to a rear differential is called a propeller shaft, or prop-shaft. A prop-shaft assembly consists of a propeller shaft, a slip joint and one or more universal joints. Where the engine and axles are separated from each other as on four-wheel drive and rear-wheel drive vehicles, it is the propeller shaft that serves to transmit the drive force generated by the engine to the axles.

Harpreet Singh Marzara
2560 Hudson Line,
G.T.B Nagar,

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